HTML stand for Hyper  Text Markup Language.  HTML is developed by scientist Tim Berners-Lee in 1990 . HTML  is the set of markup symbols or codes inserted in  a file intended for display on World Wide Web  browser page. The Markup tells the browser how to display  a web page.

The meaning of Hyper in HTML  is text which contains links to other texts.

And the meaning of of Markup in HTML , Markup languages are designed for the processing,definition and presentation of text.

We Create a structure in HTML with use of  “tags”

Write a  program in HTML –

<!DOCTYPE html>
<h1>Hello World!</h1>

This is a program in HTML in this program the <!DOCTYPE html>  tells the browser to the document type and it is very important to declare the <!DOCTYPE html> before html tag.

<html> tag tells the browser that this is a HTML document. it contains the title in the html tag. it is necessary to close the <html> tag with </html>

<title> tag contains the title of document and it is closed by </title>

<body> tag  contains the body part of the HTML document which shows mainly in the UI. <body> tag  the all tags.